SECOND DECLENSION

To the second declension belongs masculine nouns which ends with -is in singular nominative and nouns akmens (stone), asmens (blade), zibens (lightning), dens (water), mness (moon), rudens (autumn), suns (dog), sls (salt) .

For nouns of second declension the consonants preceding case ending is to be palatalised in singular genitive (only for nouns which ends with -is) and all plural word forms.

Consonant(s) before ending  Palatalised to 
bj 
 
 
 
mj 
 
pj 
 
 
vj 
 
sn   
zn   
sl   
zl   
ln   
ll   

The consonant is not palatalised for

- proper names which ends with -ckis, -skis;

- proper noun with two syllables which ends with -tis, -dis;

- some special cases.

The case endings for second declension nouns are given in following table ( diminutives has no ending in singular vocative ):

  Nom.  Gen.   Dat.   Acc.  Loc.  Voc. 
sing.  -is,   -a  -im  -i  -i 
sing.  -s  -s  -im  -i -s 
plur.  -i  -u  -iem  -us   -os  -i 

Examples

Nominative  lc-is  l-i 
Genitive  l-a  l-u 
Dative  lc-im  l-iem 
Accusative  lc-i  l-us 
Locative  lc-  l-os 
Vocative  lc-i  l-i 


Nominative  akmen-s  akme-i 
Genitive  akmen-s  akme-u 
Dative  akmen-im  akme-iem 
Accusative  akmen-i  akme-us 
Locative  akmen-  akme-os 
Vocative  akmen-s  akme-i 

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